By Matthew D. Hockenos
This ebook heavily examines the turmoil within the German Protestant church buildings within the speedy postwar years as they tried to come back to phrases with the hot previous. Reeling from the influence of battle, the church buildings addressed the implications of cooperation with the regime and the therapy of Jews. In Germany, the Protestant Church consisted of 28 self sustaining local church buildings. throughout the Nazi years, those church buildings shaped into quite a few alliances. One workforce, the German Christian Church, overtly aligned itself with the Nazis. the remaining have been carefully against the regime or attempted to stay noncommittal. the inner debates, notwithstanding, concerned each team and established on problems with trust that have been very important to all. very important theologians corresponding to Karl Barth have been instrumental in urgent those matters ahead. whereas no longer an exhaustive learn of Protestantism in the course of the Nazi years, A Church Divided breaks new flooring within the dialogue of accountability, guilt, and the Nazi previous.
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Additional info for A Church Divided: German Protestants Confront the Nazi Past
The Dahlemites, on the one hand, argued that the Dahlem resolutions were the logical outcome of the theological declaration made at Barmen. Barmen, they argued, laid out the Confessing Church’s theology, and Dahlem its praxis. The authors of the Barmen declaration asserted that the gospel of Jesus Christ was the one word that the church must hear and obey. The Dahlemites put this into practice by contending that the basis of the Reich church was something other than the gospel and that therefore it was their duty as true Christians to sever ties with the leadership of the Reich church and to erect new laws and bodies that corresponded with the gospel.
Led by the Lutherans Walter Künneth, a theologian and lecturer at Berlin University, and Hanns Lilje, general secretary of the German Student Christian movement, and including among their members Martin Niemöller and Dietrich Bonhoeªer (1906–45), they sought to distinguish themselves from both the German Christians and established church leaders. 20 In early April 1933 the Nazi state passed a law that purged most Jews—“non-Aryans,” ac- 20 | A CHURCH DIVIDED cording to the legislation—from the civil service.
The ﬁrst thesis grounded the church in a theology centered on Christ and committed the church’s proclamation to the principle of sola scriptura, based on Scripture alone. The second article asserted that Christ’s message, which unites God’s grace and God’s law, had authority in all areas and aspects of life. Thesis III declared that the church’s ecclesiastical structure derived from Christ’s message and that neither the church’s structure nor its message could be changed to satisfy current political or ideological trends.
A Church Divided: German Protestants Confront the Nazi Past by Matthew D. Hockenos