New PDF release: A Computational Logic

By Robert S. Boyer

ISBN-10: 0121229505

ISBN-13: 9780121229504

Not like so much texts on good judgment and arithmetic, this ebook is ready the right way to turn out theorems instead of evidence of particular effects. We supply our solutions to such questions as: - whilst should still induction be used? - How does one invent a suitable induction argument? - whilst may still a definition be improved?

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Example text

Thus, LESSP is admit­ ted under the principle of definition. We claim that LESSP is a well-founded relation. That is, we claim there is no infinite sequence xlt x 2 , . . such that x i + x is LESSPsmaller than Xi. It is easy to see how to prove that LESSP is well founded in a suitable theory of sets, since SUBIP is well founded, and x is LESSP-smaller than y if and only if a finite number of SUBls will reduce y to x (when both are numbers). We cannot state or prove the well-foundedness of LESSP within our theory.

Note that RM is well founded. If p is not a theorem there must exist a z-tuple (XI, . . , Xz) such that ( P XI . . Xz ) = F . Let (XI, . . , Xz) be an RM-minimal such z-tuple. E. SHELLS / 35 We now consider the cases on which, if any, of the qi are true on the chosen z-tuple. Case XI . case Xz ) 1. , suppose ( QI XI . . Xz) = F, ( Q2 . Xz ) = F, . . , and ( Qk XI . . Xz ) = F . Then by the base ( P X 1 . . Xz) ^ F , contradicting the assumption that ( P XI . . = F. Case 2. Suppose that at least one of the q^ is true.

Vz) ) . Note that RM is well founded. If p is not a theorem there must exist a z-tuple (XI, . . , Xz) such that ( P XI . . Xz ) = F . Let (XI, . . , Xz) be an RM-minimal such z-tuple. E. SHELLS / 35 We now consider the cases on which, if any, of the qi are true on the chosen z-tuple. Case XI . case Xz ) 1. , suppose ( QI XI . . Xz) = F, ( Q2 . Xz ) = F, . . , and ( Qk XI . . Xz ) = F . Then by the base ( P X 1 . . Xz) ^ F , contradicting the assumption that ( P XI . . = F. Case 2. Suppose that at least one of the q^ is true.

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A Computational Logic by Robert S. Boyer


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