Download PDF by David K. Bernard: A History of Christian Doctrine: Volume 1, The Post

By David K. Bernard

ISBN-10: 1567220363

ISBN-13: 9781567220360

Booklet by means of Bernard, David ok.

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Extra resources for A History of Christian Doctrine: Volume 1, The Post Apostolic Age to the Middle Ages A.D. 100 - 1500

Example text

This event they identified as the begetting of the Logos or Son. Once again the Apologists deviated from the scriptural use of terminology. In the New Testament the term “begotten Son” refers to the uniqueness of Jesus Christ, and Hebrews 1:5-6 specifically relates this concept to the Incarnation. According to Matthew 1:18-20 and Luke 1:35, Jesus was not conceived by an earthly father, but the Spirit of God moved upon the womb of the virgin Mary. Therefore Jesus was literally begotten as a baby at that time and so was called the Son of God.

All the churches generally considered themselves part of the same group, even though there were significant differences from place to place and even though the original apostolic doctrine gradually diminished in the mainstream church. The Old Catholic Age is characterized by theological discussion and the evolution of doctrine. The Post-Apostolic writers had written on biblical themes, and the Greek Apologists had engaged in some theological reflection, but it was really in the Old Catholic Age that theologians emerged.

The Nicene Council helped bring about a fusion between church and state, and for several centuries afterward major doctrinal decisions were worked out in various councils. We will call the period from 170 to 325 the Old Catholic Age. It is “old” in distinction to the Ecumenical Catholic Age, which began with the Council of Nicea and 61 A History of Christian Doctrine continued with subsequent councils. It is “catholic,” not necessarily in reference to the Roman Catholic Church of today, but in the original sense of being universal, because at this time there were no major divisions in Christendom.

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A History of Christian Doctrine: Volume 1, The Post Apostolic Age to the Middle Ages A.D. 100 - 1500 by David K. Bernard


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