By JANET GOLDEN
A Social background of rainy Nursing in the USA: From Breast to Bottle examines the intersection of scientific technological know-how, social concept, and cultural practices as they formed family members between rainy nurses, physicians, and households from the colonial interval during the 20th century. It explores how american citizens used rainy nursing to resolve youngster feeding difficulties, exhibits why rainy nursing turned arguable as motherhood slowly grew to become medicalized, and elaborates how the improvement of medical child feeding eradicated rainy nursing via the start of the 20 th century. Janet Golden's learn contributes to our figuring out of the cultural authority of scientific technology, the position of physicians in shaping baby rearing practices, the social building of motherhood, and the profound dilemmas of sophistication and tradition that performed out within the deepest house of the nursery.
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Additional info for A Social History of Wet Nursing in America: From Breast to Bottle
33 On the island of Nantucket, calculations of maternal mortality for three birth cohorts of 30 David Patterson, "Disease Environments of the Antebellum South," in Ronald L. Numbers and Todd L. , Science and Medicine in the Old South (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989), p. 154; and Darrett B. Rutman and Anita H. , 33 (1976): 31—60. See also Lois Green Carr and Lorena S. , 34 (1977): 542-71; Russell R. Menard, "Immigrants and Their Increase: The Process of Population Growth in Early Colonial Maryland," in Aubrey C.
33 Richard W. Wertz and Dorothy C. Wertz, Lying-in: A History of Childbirth in America (New York: Free Press, 1977), p. 20. Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, A Midwife's Tale (New York: Knopf, 1990), p. 373, n. 7. , 41 (1989): 27—48. 35 Nevertheless, it is safe to assume that maternal mortality rates ranged from a low of 6 per 1,000 births to a high of perhaps 20 per 1,000 in regions of endemic malaria. 36 Maternal morbidity as well as mortality created a demand for wet nurses, as colonial women suffered from anatomical, physical, and mental conditions that limited their ability to breast-feed their infants.
71. Historians disagree about the sexual prohibition, its parameters and its impact. See Mick, "Child-Rearing in Seventeenth-Century England and America," pp. 310, 325-6, and n. 112; and Paula A. Treckel, "Breastfeeding and Maternal Sexuality in Colonial America," Journal of Interdisciplinary History 20 (1989): 33-4. Saxton argues that there was no prohibition on sex during lactation except for the first six weeks after birth. Saxton, "Being Good," p. 280, n. 17. 56 Lewis and Lockridge, '"Sally has been Sick,' " pp.
A Social History of Wet Nursing in America: From Breast to Bottle by JANET GOLDEN